Agro-based industries use plant and animal-based agricultural output as their raw material. Also, they add value to farming output by processing and growing commercial and usable outcomes. Some agro-based industries in India have Tea, Sugar, Vegetable Oil, Textile, Coffee and Leather goods industries.
Scenario and Scope in India
The scope of this industry in India is surprisingly high because the country is mainly dependent on farming. According to the statistical data for the year 2020, the farming sector in India donates about 18% to India’s GDP. Also, about 42% of the Indian population is employed in the farming sector alone. The share of the people employed in the agribusiness sector has been declining year after year for various reasons. However, it stays the most critical sector using most of the people.
The agro-based industry is considered the sunrise sector of the Indian economy because of its vast growth potential, likely socio-economic impact, specifically on employment and income generation, and the ability to keep itself recession-proof generally. Also, approximately 70% of the population is dependent on agriculture and agro-based industries. According to the economic survey 2014-15, guided by the Central Statistical Office, agro-based industries consistently grew in India from 2009-10 to 2013-14. Some estimates also suggest that approximately 14% of the total workforce in developed economies engages in the agro-processing sector directly or indirectly. However, only about 3% of the crew finds employment in this sector in India. The data as mentioned above reveals the underdeveloped state and the vast growth potential in this sector.
Importance of Agro-based industries in India
All components of agro-based industry are essential because:
- Help in increasing industrial production.
- Employ landless agricultural labour and tribal population from rural and backward areas.
- Earn much needed foreign trade for the country.
- Ensure the growth and stability of rural thrift through diversification and decreased dependence on farming.
- Enhance the standard of living in rural areas.
- Help in reducing the extreme imbalances in the allocation of income and wealth.
- They are easy to install.
- Ensure the relief of poverty by providing steady sources of income and livelihood.
- Support balanced growth between agriculture and industry and
- service in avoiding wastage of perishable agricultural products.
Kinds of Agro-based in India
Agro-produce processing units
These units are not affected in manufacturing and mainly deal with preserving perishable products and utilizing by-products for other uses. Rice and Dal processing mills are excellent models of these types of units.
Agro-produce manufacturing units
These units manufacture new products where the ruined goods are entirely different from the raw fabrics used. Sugar manufacturers, solvent extraction units and textile mills are examples of these units.
Agro-inputs manufacturing units
These units are manufacturing products to mechanize agriculture or increase agricultural productivity. These units have agricultural implements, fertilizer, seed and pesticide manufacturing units.
Agro Service Centres
Agro service posts are workshops and benefit centres operated in restoring and servicing pump sets, tractors, diesel engines and other types of farm equipment.
Overview of Agro-based in India
We broadly organized agro-based industries into agro-produce processing units, agro-produce manufacturing units, agro-inputs manufacturing units and agro service centres, founded on the nature of work conducted by them. As a result, this team will understand some of the significant agro-based industries in India.
The textile industry is concerned with designing, producing, distributing, or marketing yarn, fabrics, or ready-made clothing. It consists of units simulating cotton textiles, woollen textiles, silk textiles, synthetic fibres and jute textiles. The industry plays an essential role in India’s economy because it is the most excellent employer in the country after farming. Also, it delivers direct and indirect employment to about 10.5 crore people. India is also the second-largest manufacturer and exporter of fabrics and clothing globally, with 5% of the total global trade. Biggest markets for Indian textile exporters, various Asian nations and the Middle East.
Vegetable Oil Industry
The vegetable oil industry accounts for about 5% of the world’s vegetable oil shows. India is the biggest consumer of oils in the world. The counted household demand for vegetable oil is over 23 million tonnes, primarily met by imports. Also, India is directly the biggest importer of edible oils globally, with 15 million tonnes annually, about 14% of the globe’s total vegetable oil essences. The industry occupies a unique place in the Indian economy because it delivers job opportunities to millions.
Tea is the 2nd most drunk beverage after water. Between 2014-18, globally, with 1,339.70 million kgs. Also, India is one of the earth’s most prominent tea consumers, with about three-fourths of the total production finished locally because it uses an entire workforce of over 2 million people. Therefore, the growth of the Indian tea industry has always been remarkable. New Holland 3037 tractor is best for commercial farming.
The coffee industry settles an essential position in the Indian economy because it delivers direct and indirect work to over a million people and earns foreign exchange to the tune of about 4,000 crores. These are the best coffee labels in India, including Blue Tokai, Davidoff, Starbucks, Nescafe and Cafe Coffee Day, among others. New Holland 3600 is excellent for better farming tasks because it provides maximum durability.
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